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Asa Dean Mathews Civil War diary, 1864.
Mathews, Asa Dean.
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  MSA 371:12  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 

Personal Author : Mathews, Asa Dean.
Title : Asa Dean Mathews Civil War diary, 1864.
Physical Description : 1 volume.
Summary :

A diary written by Dean Mathews, covering the dates May 31 to September 12, 1864. Mathews gives a excellent description of life in the trenches at Cold Harbor, Virginia. He gives an equally excellent description of the Federal debacle at Weldon Railroad on the outskirts of Petersburg, Virginia on June 23, 1864 where he and 401 others were needlessly captured. After his capture he spent a week at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia before being shipped to a POW camp in Macon, Georgia, on June 30, 1864. He writes of the terrible conditions in the prison camp. He was shipped to another POW camp in Savannah, Georgia on July 29, 1864. On August 8, 1864, he writes of the Confederate guards discovering two tunnels being dug by the Union prisoners. There is also a transcript of the diary.

Biographical or historical data :

Asa Dean Mathews was born in Sumner, Maine on September 23, 1834, the son of Winthrop and Mary (Barbour) Mathews. He enlisted as a private in Co. F, 11th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment on August 7, 1862. He was promoted to first sergeant of Co. F on October 12, 1862, to second lieutenant on August 11, 1863, and to first lieutenant on January 21, 1864. He was captured at the Union debacle at the Weldon Railroad on June 23, 1864. On March 1, 1865, he was paroled and then discharged May 15, 1865. He died March 3, 1906, and is buried in Pleasant View Cemetery in Orleans, Vermont.

Corporate Subject : United States. Army. Vermont Infantry Regiment, 11th 1862-1865. Company F.
Subject Term : Cold Harbor, Battle of, Va., 1864.
Soldiers Vermont Diaries.
Geographic Term : Petersburg (Va.) History Siege, 1864-1865.
United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Prisoners and prisons.
Sumner (Me.) Archival resources.
Vermont History Civil War, 1861-1865 Personal narratives.
Genre/Form : Diaries.
Electronic Resource : Asa Dean Mathews