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Eli Hawley Canfield family papers, 1806-1919.
Canfield, Eli Hawley, 1817-1898.
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  Doc 412 (cont'd in 413-417)  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 

Personal Author : Canfield, Eli Hawley, 1817-1898.
Title : Eli Hawley Canfield family papers, 1806-1919.
Physical Description : 6 linear ft. (6 boxes).
Summary :

This collection is made up of the papers of the Eli Hawley Canfield family of Arlington, Vermont, 1806-1919 (bulk 1850-1898). The bulk of the collection is correspondence but there are also diary and record books, deeds, postcards, and miscellaneous circulars and printed items. Also in this collection are diaries of Anne and George Nye Boardman. Anne was a painter, native to Vermont, and George was a minister.

The correspondence begins in 1842 when Eli Canfield was studying at the Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia, and continues through his early years as a minister in Ohio (1947), in New York City at St. Peter's Church (1850-1852), and then through his tenure at Christ Church in Brooklyn (1852-1869). His correspondence is with members of the church and concern many theological debates, particularly over a division between supporters of the "high" and "low" Protestant Episcopal Church.

James started at Williams College in the fall of 1864. His letters to his father tell of his classes, professors, and grades, and social activities such as lectures, debates, and sporting events. They also cover politics and include sermons he had heard. After graduating from college James went west to work on the railroad and then studied law. By 1870 his letters include references to Flavia Camp whom he would marry in 1873. He became a lawyer and ran a loan business and wrote to his father and aunt about investments. His dissatisfaction with the law and a breakdown in 1876 led him to a teaching job at the University of Kansas. He and his family settled in Lawrence and his letters continued about his job, family, and politics. He wrote of traveling to give lectures and to attend conferences of several professional organization, most notably the National Education Association, of which he was an officer.

The majority of this collection is letters to and from Eli and James Canfield but there are also papers of Eli's brother Zadock, who lived in Arlington, and was involved in the railroad business. He had a fairly regular correspondence with his cousin Thomas H. Canfield, who was active in railroad building in Vermont and through the northwestern United States with the Northern Pacific Railroad. During 1861 the letters from T. H. Canfield are about Zadock's part in buying and selling horses for the Vermont cavalry regiment, and about Thomas's role in appointing sutlers or suppliers for the regiment.

Biographical or historical data :

Eli Hawley Canfield was born June 8, 1817, in Arlington, Vt., the son of Nathaniel Canfield and Almera Hawley Canfield. In 1841 he enrolled at the Alexandria (Va.) Theological Seminary, graduating in 1844. He spent five years in Delaware, Ohio, during which time he married Martha Crafts Hulme of Pt. Pleasant, N.J. He spent a few months in Philadelphia, then went to St. Peter's in New York City where he remained until January 1853, when he went to Brooklyn's Christ Church for seventeen years. Martha Canfield died in 1855 and Eli sent their children to Vermont to live with his mother. When Eli's health began to fail he left Brooklyn and spent 1870-1871 in Vermont. He then returned to New York for less than a year and spent the rest of his active life doing short term assignments in churches that needed help including churches in North Adams, Massachusetts; Florida; Troy and Hoosick, New York; Arlington, Bennington, and Manchester, Vermont; and Cornell College in Ithaca, New York. In the fall of 1887 he suffered a stroke that affected his eyesight and in 1890 he became paralyzed on one side. Eli Hawley Canfield died June 3, 1898.

Eli Hawley Canfield's son, James H., was born in 1847 in Delaware, Ohio. He received his college degree from Williams College and upon graduation went west to work on the railroad for two years. He then studied law in Jackson, Michigan, and practiced law at Joseph, Michigan, 1872-1877. In 1877 he became a professor of political economy and English literature at the State University in Lawrence, Kansas. He stayed there until 1891 when he became Chancellor of the University of Nebraska. He also served as president of the National Education Association. From Nebraska Canfield went on to become President of Ohio State University, and then accepted the position of librarian at Columbia University where he served from 1899-1909. In 1902 he received the degree of Lit. D. at Oxford. Canfield married Flavia Camp of Wisconsin in 1873; and they had two children, James A. (b. 1913) and Dorothy (1879-1958).

Personal Subject : Canfield, Flavia Camp, b. 1844.
Canfield family.
Corporate Subject : Williams College.
National Education Association of the United States.
Episcopal Church.
Subject Term : Education.
Geographic Term : Arlington (Vt.) Social life and customs.
New York (N.Y.) Religious life and customs.
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) Religious life and customs.
United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Equipment and supplies.
Vermont History Civil War, 1861-1865.
Lawrence (Kan.) Social life and customs.
Genre/Form : Correspondence.
Added Author : Canfield, James Hulme, 1847-1909.
Canfield family.
Boardman, Anne Ambrose, 1826-1914.
Boardman, George Nye, b. 1825.
Canfield, Thomas H. (Thomas Hawley), 1822-1897.
Canfield, Zadock H., 1812-1896.
Added Author : Christ Church (Brooklyn, N.Y.)