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Series III : second generation, sons of Joseph Fairbanks, 1832-1886.
Fairbanks family.
Holdings
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  MSC 134:8-15  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 


Personal Author : Fairbanks family.
Title : Series III : second generation, sons of Joseph Fairbanks, 1832-1886.
Physical Description : 8 folders.
Summary :

There are three subseries within this series: A. Erastus Fairbanks (1792-1864); B. Thaddeus Fairbanks (1796-1886); C. Joseph P. Fairbanks (1806-1855). Subseries A. contains letters written to and from Erastus Fairbanks relating to business (including the chartering of the Connectcut and Passumpsic Rivers Railroad) and church matters, dated 1839 and 1845. Subseries B. contains several obituaries for Thaddeus Fairbanks (1886) and a deed. Subseries C. contains letters written to and from Joseph P. Fairbanks, dated 1845 to 1855, as well as a series of letters written by Governor Horace Eaton on the subject of education in Vermont from the years 1847 to 1851.

Subseries C., the largest portion of this series, contains letters written to and from Joseph P. Fairbanks, dated 1845 to 1855, as well as a series of letters written by Governor Horace Eaton on the subject of education in Vermont during the years 1847 to 1851. There is also a folder of letters from Almira T. Fairbanks to her son William P. Fairbanks while he is attending Dartmouth College in 1858 and 1859.

Biographical or historical data :

Erastus Fairbanks (1792-1864), the eldest son of Joseph and Phebe Paddock Fairbanks, was the first of the family to move to Vermont, leaving his Brimfield, Massachusetts, birthplace in 1811; the rest of the family followed in 1815. While Erastus operated a store in Barnet, Vermont, his father and brother, Thaddeus (1796-1886), built and operated a gristmill and sawmill, and built carriages in St. Johnsbury. In 1823 Thaddeus built an iron foundry and Erastus joined him to establish E. & T. Fairbanks, to manufacture stoves and plows. Thaddeus, an inventor and mechanic, perfected and patented a design for a platform scale in 1830 and three years later Erastus, Thaddeus, and their youngest brother, Joseph P. (1806-1855), formed E. & T. Fairbanks & Company to manufacture and sell the scales. Erastus and Joseph managed the business while Thaddeus provided the mechanical expertise. E. & T. Fairbanks & Company continued in business until 1916 when it was purchased by Fairbanks, Morse and Company of Cincinnati and Chicago (originally an agent of E. & T. Fairbanks & Company).

Erastus was also active in civic affairs and politics. A member of the Congregational Church in St. Johnsbury, he was president of the Vermont Domestic Missionary Society, and a member of the American Board of Foreign Missions, and was active in the temperance movement. He was elected to the legislature in 1836 and was chosen presidential elector in 1844 and 1848 for the Whig party. He was elected governor of Vermont in 1852 and again in 1860. As one of six men to be granted a charter for the Connecticut and Passumpsic Rivers Railroad in 1835, Erastus supported the railroad project through its third charter and was named president when the company finally organized in 1846. He held that position until 1854.

Erastus Fairbanks married Lois Crossman of Peacham, Vermont on May 30, 1815 and they had nine children: Jane (1816-1852; George ; Horace (1820-1888); Charles (1821-1898); Julia (1824-1884,; Franklin (1828-1895); Sarah (1831-1858); Emily (1833-1859; Ellen (1836-1843).

Thaddeus Fairbanks was born in Brimfield, Massachusetts, on January 17, 1796 and moved to St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in 1815. He was an inventor with many patents including a cast iron stove and plow. In 1830 he and Erastus became interested in the raising and processing of hemp, and Thaddeus patented a hemp dresser (and was for a time manager of the St. Johnsbury Hemp Company). His most successful invention was the platform scale in 1830. He married Lucy Peck Barker (1799-1866) on January 17, 1820 and they had a son, Henry (1918-1830), and daughter, Charlotte (1837-1869). Thaddeus Fairbanks died April 12, 1886.

Joseph Paddock Fairbanks was born November 26, 1806. He studied law from 1828 to 1833 and had a law practice in Vermont before joining his brothers in the platform scale business. He was elected to the legislature in 1845 and fought for improvements in education, temperance, and spoke out against slavery and against the Mexican War. Together with his brothers he founded St. Johnsbury Academy. He married Almira Taylor on June 11, 1845 and had two children: Edward Taylor (1836-1919), and William Paddock (1840-1895). He died May 15, 1855.

Source : Forms part of: Fairbanks family papers, 1798-1953.
Personal Subject : Fairbanks, Thaddeus, 1796-1886.
Fairbanks, Joseph P., 1806-1855.
Fairbanks, William P. (William Paddock), 1840-1895.
Corporate Subject : E. & T. Fairbanks & Co.
North Congregational Church St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Connecticut and Passumpsic Rivers Railroad Company.
Subject Term : Education Vermont.
Congregationalism Vermont.
Geographic Term : Vermont Religious life and customs.
Saint Johnsbury (Vt.) Religious life and customs.
Saint Johnsbury (Vt.) Commerce.
Genre/Form : Letters correspondence.
Obituaries.
Deeds.
Occupation : Legislators
Added Author : Fairbanks, E. (Erastus), 1792-1864.
Fairbanks, Joseph P., 1806-1855.
Eaton, Horace, 1804-1855.
Fairbanks, Almira T., 1811-1883.
Electronic Resource : Click here for full text of finding aid.