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Justin Smith Morrill papers, 1830-1896.
Morrill, Justin S. 1810-1898.
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  XMSC 5  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 

Personal Author : Morrill, Justin S. (Justin Smith), 1810-1898.
Title : Justin Smith Morrill papers, 1830-1896.
Physical Description : 7.5 linear ft. (3 boxes and 26 volumes)
General Note : Continued in MSC 31, 32, Doc 422.
Summary :

The Justin Morrill Papers document Morrill's early career as a general store clerk, partner, and owner, as well as other business pursuits prior to his 1855 election to Congress. His first partnership was with Jedediah Harris and there are account books of their stores in and near Strafford, and in Derby, Vermont. In addition to Harris and Morrill there are records from Morrill's other partnerships including Morrill, Young, and Company, 1840-1845; Morrill, George and Company, 1845-1851; and Morrill, Russ, and Company, 1850-1851. Morrill was treasurer for the Strafford Mill Company, a gristmill, and the treasurers' account book, 1843-1853, with receipts and memos of miller Truman Burr, and agent F. Smith are included in this collection.

There are some of the estate records for Jedediah Harris and account books of Harris's other business including Harris and Prior, 1837-1840, Harris and Russ, 1846, and Harris and Chamberlin. There is also a diary of Harris from 1853. There are a few personal papers and some papers from Morrill's political career. The most significant personal papers are floor plans for his gothic revival house in Strafford which he built between 1849 and 1851. Also in this collection is a series of letters to Ruth Swan Morrill.

Biographical or historical data :

Justin Smith Morrill was born in Strafford, Vt., April 14, 1810, the son of Nathaniel and Mary Hunt Morrill. He began his mercantile career as a clerk for Royal Hatch in Strafford Village. He then worked for the J. H. and T. J. Harris store in Strafford, and then worked in Portland, Me. In 1830 he returned to Strafford and again worked for Jedediah Harris and in 1834 became his partner in a store known as Harris and Morrill. In 1840 Harris and Morrill joined with N. S. Young to form a new partnership known as Morrill, Young, and Company. Based on evidence in this collection Morrill was also involved in businesses known as Morrill, George and Company (ca. 1845-1851), with Alonzo George (1822-1895); and Morrill, Russ, and Company (ca. 1850-1851). Although still nominally involved in several partnerships, Morrill effectively resigned from business in 1848.

At the time of his early retirement from business Morrill was preparing to build a house in Strafford in anticipation of his 1851 marriage to Ruth Barrell Swan (ca. 1820-1898). In 1855 he began a long and distinguished career in public service. From 1855 until his death in 1898 Morrill represented Vermont first as a congressman then in 1866 as a senator where he gained recognition for his Land Grant College Acts of 1862 and 1890.

Subject Term : General stores Accounting Vermont Strafford.
Flour mills Vermont Strafford.
Decedents' estates.
Architecture, Domestic Vermont Strafford Designs and plans.
Geographic Term : Strafford (Vt.) Commerce.
Strafford (Vt.) Buildings, structures, etc.
Derby (Vt. : Town) Commerce.
Genre/Form : Account books.
Architectural drawings.
Added Author : Harris, Jedidiah.
Burr, Truman, fl. 1843-1853.
Smith, F., fl. 1843-1853.
Morrill, Ruth, ca. 1820-1898.
Added Author : Harris and Morrill.
Morrill, Young and Co.
Morrill, George and Co.
Morrill, Russ and Co.
Strafford Mill Co.
Harris and Prior.
Harris and Russ.
Harris and Chamberlin.
Electronic Resource : Click here for full text of finding aid.