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William Jarvis papers, 1793-1845.
Jarvis, William, 1770-1859.
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  Doc 62 (cont'd in Doc 63)  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 

Personal Author : Jarvis, William, 1770-1859.
Title : William Jarvis papers, 1793-1845.
Physical Description : 2 linear ft.
Summary :

This collection is comprised of correspondence and business papers, 1793-1845, of William Jarvis of Boston, Massachusetts, Lisbon, Portugal, and Weathersfield, Vermont. There is also correspondence of Lucy Wheeler, 1840-1843, Willis Gaylord, 1822-1838, and a small group of miscellaneous letters to Martha E. and Eliza Miner Moore ; Abigail Allen; and J.H., Judith, and Thomas J. Harris, 1832-1848.

The bulk of correspondence is addressed to William Jarvis, 1802-1811, in Lisbon, while he served as United States Consul to Portugal, and operated a trading business known as William Jarvis and Co. The correspondents are from France, Spain, England, and the United States, and are involved in politics, shipping, or both. The letters written to Jarvis in his official capacity as consul describe the seizure of ships by Algerian privateers, French and British blockades of various ports, quarantines against American ships because of yellow fever in the United States, impressment by the British, and problems caused by the Napoleonic Wars.

Between 1830 and 1845 there are a series of letters from Hampden Cutts, who had married Jarvis's oldest daughter, Mary, and lived in Hartland, Vermont. The letters discuss mutual business interests and farming. There is also family correspondence of Lucy Wheeler, 1840-1843 (probably a relative of William Jarvis's son-in-law, David Everett Wheeler); and letters to Mrs. Abigail Allen, Eliza Moore, and J. H., Judith, and Thomas J. Harris.

In addition to the William Jarvis letters there are a group of letters written to Willis Gaylord (1792-1844) in Otisco, N.Y., 1822-1838. The majority of letters written to him are from his cousin Willis Gaylord Clark (1808-1841). In his letters he describes the founding of the Ladies Port Folio, and describes his new position as editor of the Philadephia Gazette. He often mentions his twin brother Lewis G. Clark (1808-1873), editor of the Knickerbocker, in New York.

Biographical or historical data :

William Jarvis was born February 4, 1770, son of Charles and Mary (Chapman) Jarvis (d. ca. 1786), in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended school in Boston, New Jersey and Philadelphia. In 1797 he invested in a ship and sailed to Europe to become involved in the trading business. He settled in Lisbon in 1802, establishing a trading house there, and was appointed United States charge d'affaires and consul to Portugal. He actively maintained his business and served as consul until 1811 when he returned to the United States.

Towards the end of his stay in Portugal, Jarvis was able to acquire a large flock of merino sheep for export to America. He sold some of them but kept many for himself in preparation for a new business venture upon his return to the United States. He purchased a farm in Weathersfield, Vermont in 1811 and bred and sold the merino sheep throughout the country, while promoting the interests of American agriculture and manufacture through his business and political activity.

In 1808 William Jarvis married Mary Pepperell Sparhawk, of Boston, and they had two daughters, Mary Pepperell Sparhawk (b. 1809), and Elizabeth Bartlett (1811-1848). Mary died in 1811. In 1817 Jarvis married Ann Bailey Bartlett, and together they had ten children: Ann Eliza (1818-1849); Harriet Bartlett (b. 1820); Charles (b. 1821); William (1823-1825); Thomas Jefferson (1824-1842); Margaret (1826-1847); Sarah (1826-1855); Catherine (March, 1830-April, 1830); Catherine Leonard (b. 1831); Louise Bailey (b. 1835). William Jarvis died in 1859 and is buried in Weathersfield, Vermont.

Personal Subject : Clark, Lewis Gaylord, 1808-1873.
Moore, Martha E., fl. 1832-1848.
Moore, Eliza Miner, fl. 1832-1848.
Allen, Abigail, fl. 1832-1848.
Harris family.
Gaylord, Willis, 1792-1844.
Corporate Subject : William Jarvis and Co.
Subject Term : Privateering.
Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815.
Merino sheep.
Agriculture Vermont.
Geographic Term : United States Politics and government 19th century.
United States Commerce Portugal.
Portugal Commerce United States.
United States Diplomatic and consular service Portugal Lisbon.
Weathersfield (Vt. : Town) Archival resources.
Hartland (Vt.) Social life and customs.
Otisco (N.Y.) Archival resources.
Genre/Form : Correspondence.
Added Author : Wheeler, Lucy, fl. 1840-1843.
Clark, Willis Gaylord, 1808-1841.
Bartlett, Edwin, fl. 1811-1813.
Cutts, Hampden, fl. 1830-1845.
Electronic Resource : Click here for full text of finding aid.