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English-Livermore Papers, 1796-1907.
English family.
Library Call Number Copy Material Location
Vermont Historical Society Library  MSA 190 (cont'd in MSA 191)  Manuscript  Vault-Manuscript 

Personal Author : English family.
Title : English-Livermore Papers, 1796-1907.
Physical Description : 1 linear ft. (2 boxes).
Summary :

The collection consists of letters, legal papers, patent agreements, receipts and miscellaneous papers of Eli English, his son Frederick, and Eli's son-in-law Benjamin Livermore. The collection consists largely of family letters and business correspondence concerning the family's work and inventions.

The oldest letters in the collection are those written to and by Eli English, ca. 1820. They include letters to his wife, Emily, and letters from a brother-in-law in Griggsville, Illinois, and his son, Frederick. During 1852, when Frederick English was in Milford, Massachusetts, introducing his shoe machinery, his wife, Emily, remained in Hartland. Their correspondence during this period occupies four folders.

Benjamin Livermore, Frederick English's brother-in-law and partner, wrote English detailed and frequent letters from Milford, Massachusetts, between 1846 and 1854 about their mutual business interests. These letters occupy three folders.

The miscellaneous papers in the collection consist of letters, legal papers and receipts that may or may not be related to the English family or Benjamin Livermore. Photocopies of biographical information about the English family, Benjamin Livermore, and Ezra P. Chandler from various sources in the VHS collection are located in the collection.

Biographical or historical data :

Eli English (1789-1852), of Norwich, Vermont, married Emily Amelia Stocking (1794-1850). They had at least two children: Elizabeth (b. 1833) and Nathan Frederick (1822-1902). They moved to Hartland, Vermont in about 1834. Elizabeth English married Ezra P. Chandler (d. 1885) of Peru, Vermont, a mechanic respected for his work both with wood and iron.

Nathan Frederick, known as Frederick or Fred, married Emily Livermore (b. 1825) on December 9, 1845. Among their ten children were two sons: Arnoldo M. (1849-1930) and Ernest A. (1869-1939).

Frederick English, a machinist and inventor, went into the shoe machinery business in 1847 or 1848 with his brother-in-law, Benjamin Livermore. They rented a loft in Milford, Massachusetts, and pioneered the introduction of shoe machinery. Around 1850 illness forced English to return to Hartland where he made machinery with his partner Lysander Billings. English experimented with daguerreotypes and in 1862 made a portable "ambertype" machine. In his last years he made microsopes and telescopes in his Hartland shop.

Benjamin Livermore, son of Joseph (?) Livermore, was born in Hartland, Vermont, on August 6, 1818. He died April 4, 1871. His sister, Emily (b. 1825) married Nathan Frederick English. Ezra P. Chandler, the son of John Chandler was born in Peru, Vermont, ca. 1820. He was a machinist and wheelwright. He married Elizabeth English, daughter of Eli and Emily Stocking English. Chandler died in November 1885.

Related Collections : Additional Eli and Nathan F. English letters, legal papers, and patent application for a tooth extractor; and letters to N.F. English from Benjamin Livermore are in Misc File #424. Account books of N. F. English (ca. 1860s) are in MSC 197. Advertizing and instructions for Nathan F. English and Benjamin Livermore's inventions are in the Vermont Historical Society Library's broadside and pamphlet collections. The Vermont Historical Society Museum collection includes Benjamin Livermore's permutation or pocket writing machine that was acquired from the Hartland (Vt.) Historical Society in 1952.
Personal Subject : English, Eli, 1789-1852.
Subject Term : Inventions Vermont.
Shoe industry.
Genre/Form : Accounts.
Legal documents.
Technical drawings.
Occupation : Inventors.
Added Author : Chandler, Ezra -1885.
English, Emily (Emily Livermore) 1794-1850.
English, Nathan Frederick, 1822-1902.
Livermore, Benjamin, 1829-1871.
Electronic Resource : Click here for full text of finding aid.